# 10 Technical guidelines¶

This section contains some more in-depth technical guidelines for Optimization Toolbox for MATLAB, not strictly necessary for basic use of **MOSEK**.

## 10.1 Integration with MATLAB¶

The `mosekopt`

MEX file

The central part of Optimization Toolbox for MATLAB is the `mosekopt`

MEX file. It provides an interface to **MOSEK** that is employed by all the other functions provided in the toolbox. Therefore, we recommend to `mosekopt`

function if possible because that give rise to the least overhead and provides the maximum of features.

Compatibility with the MATLAB Optimization Toolbox

For compatibility with the MATLAB Optimization Toolbox, **MOSEK** provides the following functions:

`linprog`

: Solves linear optimization problems.`intlinprog`

: Solves a linear optimization problem with integer constrained variables.`quadprog`

: Solves quadratic optimization problems.`lsqlin`

: Minimizes a least-squares objective with linear constraints.`lsqnonneg`

: Minimizes a least-squares objective with nonnegativity constraints.`mskoptimget`

: Getting an`options`

structure for MATLAB compatible functions.`mskoptimset`

: Setting up an`options`

structure for MATLAB compatible functions.

These functions are described in detail in Sec. 15.2 (Command Reference). The functions `mskoptimget`

and `mskoptimset`

are not fully compatible with the MATLAB counterparts, `optimget`

and `optimset`

, so the **MOSEK** versions should only be used in conjunction with the **MOSEK** implementations of `linprog`

, etc., and similarly `optimget`

should be used in conjunction with the MATLAB implementations.

Caveats using the MATLAB compiler

When using **MOSEK** with the MATLAB compiler it is necessary manually:

to remove

`mosekopt.m`

before compilation,copy the MEX file to the directory with MATLAB binary files and

copy the

`mosekopt.m`

file back after compilation.

## 10.2 Names¶

All elements of an optimization problem in **MOSEK** (objective, constraints, variables, etc.) can be given names. Assigning meaningful names to variables and constraints makes it much easier to understand and debug optimization problems dumped to a file. On the other hand, note that assigning names can substantially increase setup time, so it should be avoided in time-critical applications.

Names of various elements of the problem are assigned using the `names`

structure within an optimization problem specification `prob`

.

Note that file formats impose various restrictions on names, so not all names can be written verbatim to each type of file. If at least one name cannot be written to a given format then generic names and substitutions of offending characters will be used when saving to a file, resulting in a transformation of all names in the problem. See Sec. 16 (Supported File Formats).

## 10.3 Multithreading¶

Parallelization

The interior-point and mixed-integer optimizers in **MOSEK** are parallelized. By default **MOSEK** will automatically select the number of threads. However, the maximum number of threads allowed can be changed by setting the parameter `MSK_IPAR_NUM_THREADS`

and related parameters. This should never exceed the number of cores.

The speed-up obtained when using multiple threads is highly problem and hardware dependent. We recommend experimenting with various thread numbers to determine the optimal settings. For small problems using multiple threads may be counter-productive because of the associated overhead. Note also that not all parts of the algorithm can be parallelized, so there are times when CPU utilization is only 1 even if more cores are available.

Determinism

By default the optimizer is run-to-run deterministic, which means that it will return the same answer each time it is run on the same machine with the same input, the same parameter settings (including number of threads) and no time limits.

Setting the number of threads

The number of threads the optimizer uses can be changed with the parameter `MSK_IPAR_NUM_THREADS`

.

The MATLAB Parallel Computing Toolbox

Running **MOSEK** with the MATLAB Parallel Computing Toolbox requires multiple **MOSEK** licenses, since each thread runs a separate instance of the **MOSEK** optimizer. Each thread thus requires a **MOSEK** license.

## 10.4 The license system¶

**MOSEK** is a commercial product that **always** needs a valid license to work. **MOSEK** uses a third party license manager to implement license checking. The number of license tokens provided determines the number of optimizations that can be run simultaneously.

By default a license token remains checked out from the first optimization until the end of the **MOSEK** session, i.e.

a license token is checked out when any

**MOSEK**function involving optimization, as for instance`mosekopt`

, is called the first time andit is returned when MATLAB is terminated.

Starting the optimization when no license tokens are available will result in an error.

Default behaviour of the license system can be changed in several ways:

Setting the parameter

`MSK_IPAR_CACHE_LICENSE`

to`"MSK_OFF"`

will force**MOSEK**to return the license token immediately after the optimization completed.Setting the parameter

`MSK_IPAR_LICENSE_WAIT`

will force**MOSEK**to wait until a license token becomes available instead of returning with an error.All licenses currently checked out and not in use can be released on demand using the

`nokeepenv`

command of`mosekopt`

.mosekopt('nokeepenv');